Primary - Key Stage2

Age 7-11

Our student-centred approach aims to develop an enthusiasm for learning and a sense of community spirit. Our supportive and inclusive nature enables every child to help achieve their full potential. We aim to create a learning environment that includes creativity to help children learn in many different and enjoyable ways, making learning fun.

Key Stage 2 comprises of:

Lower Key Stage 2

  • Years 3 and 4 for children aged 7 to 9

Upper Key Stage 2

  • Year 5 and 6 for children aged 9 to 11

Each class accommodates a maximum of 25 pupils in order that children receive the individual attention they require to make their learning journey as productive and effective as possible. At the Phoenix Private School we endeavour to give our children every opportunity to help them succeed and grow through specialised individual learning in which every child matters.


Key Stage 2 Curriculum

Upon entering Key Stage 2, children will begin to work towards the Standard Aptitude Tests (SAT’S) that they will be assessed for and take place at the end of Year 6.  Throughout Key Stage 2 end of term assessments will take place to enable us to monitor and track each student’s progress to ensure they are making the expected progression.

Children in Key Stage 2 cover the core subjects of Maths, Literacy and Science with particular emphasis on Literacy and Numeracy, which are taught daily. Your continued support in helping your child with reading, writing and Maths is crucial to their development.

Some elements of the core subjects may also be taught through other subjects through cross curricular activities.

Each term you will be informed of the topics your child will cover via the VLE platform. Occasionally additional activities will be included to extend and challenge their learning.

Core Subjects - Maths

Key Stage 2 at The Phoenix Private School delivers high-quality mathematics education that provides children with a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject sustained through interactive learning techniques.

Mathematics is delivered as an interconnected subject in which pupils are able to move between mathematical ideas with ease. The programme of study, is by necessity, organised into distinct areas for each year group. Pupils are encouraged to make rich connections across mathematical ideas to develop fluency, mathematical reasoning and competence in solving increasingly sophisticated problems and are given opportunity to apply their mathematical knowledge to Science and other subjects.

Maths in KS2 covers the following topic areas.

Lower Key Stage 2Upper Key Stage 2

Year 3 – Collins Maths

  • Number - number and place value
  • Number - addition and subtraction
  • Number - multiplication and division
  • Number - fractions
  • Measurement
  • Geometry - properties of shapes Statistics

Year 5 – Collins Maths

  • Number - number and place value
  • Number - addition and subtraction
  • Number - multiplication and division
  • Number - fractions (including decimals and percentages)
  • Measurement
  • Geometry - properties of shapes Geometry - position and direction
  • Statistics

Year 4 – Collins Maths

  • Number - number and place value
  • Number - addition and subtraction
  • Number - multiplication and division
  • Number - fractions (including decimals)
  • Measurement
  • Geometry - properties of shapes
  • Geometry - position and direction
  • Statistics

Year 6 – Collins Maths

  • Number - number and place value
  • Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • Number - Fractions (including decimals and percentages)
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Algebra
  • Measurement
  • Geometry - properties of shapes Geometry - position and direction
  • Statistics

Core Subjects - English Literacy

The ultimate aim for English with Key Stage 2 at Phoenix Private School is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written language, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The primary curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • Develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • Appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • Use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • Are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate


Core Subjects - Reading

The programmes of study for reading at Key Stage 2 consists of 2 dimensions:

  • word reading
  • comprehension (both listening and reading)

Reading is an important aspect in Key Stage 2. All children will have a book to read at home and will receive a Reading Record Book that parents are required to note comments related to the progress of their child’s individual reading ability.

It is important that parents listen to each child read for at least 20 minutes every day and this can be extended depending upon the child’s interest. Please record the date and any comments you would like to make about your child’s progress in the Reading Record Book. If your child is enjoying the book he/she is reading at home they may choose to bring it into class and share with their peers.

Children are encouraged to answer questions about the book and record what interested them in their Reading Record Book.

The Reading Record Book is a link between home and school and will be signed by the teacher once the child has read in a guided reading session to monitor and evaluate their reading progress.

Guided Reading Sessions are undertaken weekly, where children are grouped according to their reading ages and are ‘guided’ through the text by the teacher who will ask them to predict, infer, express opinions or discuss challenging vocabulary.

Core Subjects – Music

Music is a universal language that embodies one of the highest forms of creativity.

Music ignites all areas of child development; intellectual, social and emotional, motor, language and overall literacy. It helps the body and mind work together. Exposing children to music during early development helps them learn the sounds and meanings of words. Dancing to music helps children build motor skills while allowing them to practice self-expression. For children and adults, music helps strengthen memory skills.

For toddlers and pre-schoolers, music making can be a dynamic social learning experience. Making music together, children learn to work as a team while they each contribute to the song in their own way. At the same time, music helps children learn that together they can make something larger than the sum of its parts.

They learn co-operation, sharing, compromise, creativity and concentration – all skills that are invaluable in school facing new challenges and beginning to form new friendships and developing social skills.

The ultimate aim for Music in KS2 is to promote high quality musical education, it should engage and inspire pupils to develop a love of music and their talent as musicians and so increase their self-confidence. As pupils progress they should develop a critical engagement with music, allowing them to compose, and to listen to the best in musical canon.


The primary curriculum for Music aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • perform, listen to and review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods, genres, styles and traditions including the works of the great composers and musicians
  • learn to sing and to use their voices, to create and compose music on their own and with others, have the opportunity to learn a musical instrument, use technology appropriately and have the opportunity to progress to the next level of musical excellence
  • understand and explore how music is created, produced and communicated, including through the inter-related dimensions; pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture, structure and appropriate musical notations

Children are encourages to sing and play musically with increasing confidence and control. They should develop an understanding of musical composition, organising and manipulating ideas within musical structures and reproducing sounds from aural memory.

Pupils should be taught to:

  • play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts, using their vices and playing musical instruments with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression
  • improvise and compose music for a range of purposes using the inter-related dimensions of music
  • listen with attention to detail and recall sounds with increasing aural memory
  • use and understand staff and other musical notations
  • develop an understanding of the history of music


Homework is an important aspect of your child’s learning and further securing and consolidating their subject knowledge at home. The homework will include core subjects as well as spellings on a weekly basis in the form of a homework pack that is distributed at the beginning of the week as well as uploaded onto your child’s VLE site (Virtual Learning Environment) where you are able to access and monitor your child’s homework. Notifications that homework have been set will be recorded within the student’s planner.

Children in Key Stage 2 are given Maths and Literacy homework on alternate days.  Maths homework is intended to reinforce concepts that have been covered/taught in class. They may also act as a reminder to concepts they may have covered in the past. Literacy homework is often related to the topic the children are studying or a particular concept the pupils may need to work on.

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